Vienna Underground – A Short History

People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to tunnel boring machine.

The center of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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