People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Bohrkopf.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was directed at a town of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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