The public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to U2 Wien.
The midst of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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