The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.
The Middle of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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