Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Wien U Bahn.

The midst of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was targeted at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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