Vienna Underground – A brief History

The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U-Bahn.

The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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