People transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to U2 Stationen.
The Middle of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a town of three to four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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