The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to U1 Wien.
The midst of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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