The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Vienna u bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been directed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and even today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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